原创译文 | 这张地图显示:无人驾驶汽车正在路上

摘要: 最新消息,全球已有35个城市正在进行无人驾驶车辆测试,18个城市正在评估无人驾驶技术将带来的影响。

12-09 21:29 首页 灯塔大数据

导读:上一期介绍了“无人化”的快速发展下,我们应该如何与机器人和谐的相处与工作,今天我们来了解一下无人驾驶的发展现状(文末更多往期译文推荐)

最新消息,全球已有35个城市正在进行无人驾驶车辆测试。

 

一个在全球范围内跟踪部署和测试无人驾驶车辆的新型数字工具今天上线,这是一个有趣的工具。目前,一些城市现在正在使用这种新技术。在布隆伯格慈善和阿斯本研究所的共同努力下,在无人驾驶汽车的全球图谱中,显示了一些城市政府正在测试汽车AVS系统,更重要的是,它表明了在未来十年内,这些城市正准备在无人驾驶汽车领域不断地进行创新和突破。

 

根据这个全球图谱显示,53个城市正在测试或考虑测试AVS系统。其中包括旧金山,奥斯汀,纳什维尔,华盛顿,巴黎,赫尔辛基,伦敦等35个城市已经在试点项目。另有18个城市,如洛杉矶,特拉维夫,布宜诺斯艾利斯和圣保罗,政府正在进行调查,同时评估相关因素可能产生的影响。随着更多的无人驾驶汽车试点项目上线,布隆伯格和阿斯本研究所将实时更新无人驾驶汽车全球图谱。

 

就在一年前,纽约市市长迈克尔·布隆伯格(Bloomberg)发布了一项计划,目的是促进城市交通以及无人驾驶车辆技术的研究。这项计划里面提出了一些政策和建议,非常适用于无人驾驶汽车的快速发展。

彭博社说:“无人驾驶汽车的到来是这个城市发生的最激动人心的事件之一。“如果市长们能彼此合作,或者与私营部门进行合作,现在我们似乎能想象到这项技术将会极大的改善人们的生活。”

 

就目前来看,这张全球图谱主要展现的是哪些城市都在测试无人驾驶汽车。对于所有的媒体了解的信息来说,通用汽车,Uber和Waymo等公司所进行的项目似乎都在倾向于研发无人驾驶这一新技术,你或许会认为这些计划与智能化非常相似。但在地理上,无人驾驶汽车是很有可能存在的,还有很多外部研究来解释为什么会这样。

根据全国城市联盟的研究,美国最大的城市交通规划中只有6%涉及无人驾驶技术对移动性的潜在影响。这些未来数十年的大部分计划几乎完全集中在汽车拥堵问题上。

 

同时,彭博慈善组织和阿斯彭研究所对30个城市的调查发现,完成这些计划的最大障碍是监管和财务。集团负责人说:“很多城市正在努力寻找合作,以便提供无人驾驶项目更多的人力和财力,但是行动还没有完全开展”,“有些城市正面临着其他地区的相关企业已经开始了在当地的行动,试图抢占先机和开拓市场的情况。” 因为这些城市还未把无人驾驶纳入政府规划项目,有的城市已经小有成果了。

 

事实上,美国国会现在正在制定新规定,这将会提前在州和地方政府之前,通过法律规范无人驾驶汽车。如果获得批准,将产生广泛的影响。据全国立法会议员透露,虽然全面自主的无人驾驶汽车仍然还未广泛采用,但25个州已经通过立法或颁布了与无人驾驶汽车相关的行政命令。

 

以上提到的这些障碍并没有阻止大公司将数十亿美元投入到技术创业公司,为无人驾驶研究提供的硬件和软件。最近布鲁金斯研究所的调查发现,无人驾驶汽车领域已经超过160项交易,包括投资,合作伙伴关系和收购,价值近800亿美元。鉴于所分析数据的局限性,这些团体投入的实际金额是“远远超过此”的。

 

从这张全球图谱中,你可以统计正在测试实际无人驾驶汽车的地点和数量,无人驾驶仍处于早期阶段。现在已有大量的资金流入无人驾驶领域,你似乎没有理由认为这仍然是暴风雨前的平静。

原文

This map shows how few self-driving cars are actually on the road today

Only 35 cities worldwide are currently hosting autonomous vehicle testing.

 

A new digital tool tracking how autonomous vehicles are being deployed and tested across the world went online today, and it’s an interesting — and honest — snapshot of where we are right now with this new technology. The Global Atlas of Autonomous Vehicles in Cities, a joint effort between Bloomberg Philanthropies and the Aspen Institute, shows which city governments are testing AVs, and more importantly, it shows how few cities are preparing for the onslaught of self-driving cars that is expected in the next decade.

 

According to the map, 53 cities are testing or thinking about testing AVs. Of that number, 35 cities including San Francisco, Austin, Nashville, Washington, Paris, Helsinki, and London are already piloting projects. Another 18 cities, such as Los Angeles, Tel Aviv, Buenos Aires, and Sao Paulo, are undertaking surveys or assessing the implications of AVs. The groups plan to update the map in real-time as more pilot projects involving self-driving cars come online.

 

A year ago, former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg unveiled a plan to help cities get ready for self-driving cars. It included a set of policy recommendations for cities that are just getting up to speed with driverless cars.

 

"The advent of autonomous cars is one of the most exciting developments ever to happen to cities," Bloomberg said at the time. "And if mayors collaborate with one another, and with partners in the private sector, they can improve people’s lives in ways we can only imagine today."

 

As it stands, one of the main takeaways from this map is how few cities are testing autonomous cars. For all the media attention that projects conducted by the likes of GM, Uber, and Waymo tend to generate, you’d think our roads would be chock-a-block with driverless cars. But on a geographic-basis, these vehicles are scarce to non-existent. And there’s plenty of outside research to explain why this is.

 

According to the National League of Cities’ research, only 6 percent of the US’s largest cities’ transportation plans include any language on the potential effect of driverless technology on mobility. The majority of these plans, which project outcomes decades into the future, focus almost exclusively on the problem of automobile congestion.

 

Meanwhile, a survey of 30 cities by Bloomberg Philanthropies and the Aspen Institute found the biggest barrier to making these preparations was regulatory and financial. “Cities are struggling to find the human and financial capacity to deliver more projects— and the right actions are not yet clear or urgent enough,” the groups conclude. “Some cities face roadblocks in the form of other levels of government that override or preempt local actions.”

 

Indeed, the US Congress is weighing new rules right now that would preempt states and local governments from passing laws to regulate self-driving cars. If approved, it would have a broad impact. Though fully-autonomous cars are still years away from widespread adoption, 25 states have already passed legislation or issued executive orders related to autonomous vehicles, according to the National Conference of State Legislators.

 

These barriers haven’t stopped major companies from funneling billions of dollars into technology startups working on the hardware and software that powers autonomous vehicles. A recent Brookings Institute survey found more than 160 deals, including investments, partnerships, and acquisitions, worth nearly $80 billion. And given the limitations of the data analyzed, the groups estimates the amount to “significantly more than this.”

 

Autonomous driving is still very much in its early stages, as we can see from this map. You can count the number of places testing actual self-driving cars on two hands. But given the huge amounts of cash flowing into this industry, it seems reasonable to assume that this is just the calm before the storm.

文章编辑:秦革

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